अनिद्रा (ANIDRA) SLEEP DISORDER - Kumar Surendra

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Wednesday, 5 September 2018

अनिद्रा (ANIDRA) SLEEP DISORDER

      अनिद्रा (ANIDRA) SLEEP DISORDER

Maanasik evan shaareerik svaasthy ke lie neend ati aavashyak hai | ek saadhaaran manushy apane jeevan mein ek tihaee se jyaada avadhi sone mein vyateet karata hai | neend kee 2 avasthaen hotee hai |

1. svapn bharee neend (raipaid aiyai movaimaint slaiaip)
2. bina svapn vaalee neend




saamaany neend mein yah do hee avasthaen maujood hotee hain | sapane mein mastishk vibhinn anubhav evan smrtiyon ka vishleshan evan vargeekaran karake unhen uchit sthaanon par sangrah karata hai | is neend mein vyavadhaan aane par vyakti ka maanasik santulan bigad sakata hai, neend mein dekhe gae sapane svaasthy ke lie laabhaprad hote hain | 8 ghante kee neend mein ausatan ham paanch - chhah baar sapane dekhate hain | yah alag alag baat hai ki subah ham ise yaad rakhe ya na rakhe |
bina sapane vaalee neend kee avastha gaharee neend kee avastha hotee hai yah neend shareer kee thakaan ko door kar punah tarotaaja kar detee hai | ek ausat vyask kareeb 6 ghante se 8 ghante roj hota hai | parantu yahaan yah dhyaan rakhane kee baat hai ki pratyek vyakti ko neend kee aavashyakata alag-alag hotee hai kuchh log pratidin sirph 4 ghante hee sokar svasth rahate hain jabaki doosare vyakti ko roj 10 se 12 ghante ke neend kee aavashyakata ho sakatee hai | agar 4 ghante pratidin sone vaale vyakti ko dava ya kisee bhee doosare tareeke se 8 ghante sone ke lie baadhy kiya jae to vah apane ko asvasth mahasoos karega | isee prakaar 10 se 12 ghante sone vaale vyakti ko agar 8 ghante hee sone diya jae to vah bhee asvasth ho jaega arthaat jo vyakti lambe samay se saamaany roop se sirph 4 se 5 ghante pratidin so kar svasth rah sakata hai sher ka shikaar nahin kaha ja sakata | aise



vyakti kaee baar chikitsakon se anidra kee shikaayat karate hain| kyonki saamaany/saamaajik rup se se 6 se 8 ghante sone kee apeksha kee jaatee hai aur kaee chikitsak bhoolavash aise logon ko neend kee davaen lene kee salaah dete hain jo galat hai dheere-dheere aise vyakti kee davaon ke aadee ho jaate hain

           Vaastav mein anidra kee chikitseey paribhaasha nimnalikhit hai-
         • saamaany roop se vyakti ko neend kee aavashyakata se 2 ghante kam neend aana arthaat agar koee vyakti saamaany roop se 8 ghanta roj hota hai aur kisee kaaran se ab sirph 6 ghanta ya usase kam so raha hai to vah anidra ka shikaar hai |
        • neend mein aaee kamee se vyakti apane ko asvasth bhee mahasoos karata hai arthaat agar vyakti 6 ghante se so raha ho lekin apane hee asvasth mahasoos nahee kar raha hai to vah anidra se grasit nahin hai |
anidra ke kaee kaaran hai jaise- avasaad, chinta vikrti, any maanasik va shaareerik beemaariyaan aadi |
anidra kee chikitsa usake kaaranon kee chikitsa hotee hai, lambe samay tak koee bhee neend kee dava kaam nahin karatee hai | sirph neend kee davaon se neend laane kee koshish rogee ko in davaon ka aashrit bana detee hai | anidra kee chikitsa hamesha usake kaarakon ke nidaan ke baad hee kee jaanee chaahie | 

         Achchhee neend ke lie kuchh tips hai jinaka anupaalan koee bhee vyakti kar sakata hai, yah nimnalikhit hai-

• bistar ka istemaal sirph sone ya seks ke lie hee karen |
• bistar par baithakar der tak kitaabe padhane, tv dekhane se kaee baar neend baadhit ho jaatee hai |
• sone se pahale kabhee bhee chaay ya kaaphee na len |
• kabhee-kabhee dopahar 2:00 ya 3:00 baje liya gaya kaaphee bhee raat kee neend ko kharaab kar sakata hai |
• sone kee jagah uttejana rahit aur aaraamadaayak honee chaahie |
• sone se pahale shvaasan karane kee aadat daalen |
jaise ki pahale bataaya ja chuka hai, ki alag-alag vyaktiyon ke sone kee avadhi alag-alag hotee hai neend shareer kee jaroorat hai aur shareer apane anusaar neend kee maang kar leta hai kaee baar vyakti apanee neend kee avadhi ka nirdhaaran nahin kar paata hai aur vah akaaran pareshaan rahata hai jaise yadi ek vyakti ko 4 ghante kee neend kee jaroorat hai aur vah raat ke 10:00 baje so jaata hai to raat ke 2:00 baje ya usake baad usakee neend khul
jaegee par agyaanataavash vah sochega ki vah anidra ka shikaar hai | atah neend kee jaroorat ke saath samay kee taaratamyata kee yahaan jaroorat hotee hai |


• pahale yah nirdhaarit karen ki aapako kitane ghante kee neend kee jaroorat hai |
• yadi aapako 5 ghante ya isase kam ke neend kee jaroorat hai to aap apane sone ka samay aisa rakhen ki aapako neend subah hee khule kisee bhee dasha mein apane nirdhaarit kie gae samay se pahale bistar par na jaen aur na hee sone ka prayaas karen anidra kee shikaayat bahut saare maanasik rogon evan shaareerik rogon ka kaaran bhee ho sakata hai achchha hoga ki is vishay par manorog chikitsak se salaah le lee jae |


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